In 1989 the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment came into force, establishing the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT). The CPT was the first system with a mandate to conduct visits to places of detention on a regular basis. That is to all places where people are deprived of their liberty in all member states of the Council of Europe. It inspired other mechanisms, including the Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture at the international level.
On the occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the CPT, we have asked Julia Kozma, elected member of the CPT for Austria, to take stock of the approach of preventive monitoring through unannounced visits.
This is the seventh in our series of expert blogs examining some of the most interesting trends and pressing challenges in criminal justice and penal reform. The series marks PRI’s 25th anniversary year and will run from May 2014 to the United Nations Crime Congress in April 2015.
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