Alternatives to imprisonment We promote fair and proportionate sentencing and greater use of non-custodial measures. Children We promote child-friendly justice systems which use detention only as a last resort and recognise the right of children to special protection. Corruption Corruption pervades criminal justice systems and is a significant barrier to achieving fair and effective criminal justice. Death penalty We campaign for the abolition of the death penalty and for humane alternative sanctions. Ethnic and religious minorities We engage in challenging discrimination against ethnic or religious minorities in criminal justice systems. Foreign nationals We respond to discrimination in criminal justice systems targeting foreign nationals, stateless persons, or those with no identification of their nationality. Healthcare We advocate for the right to health at every stage of the criminal justice system, particularly in places of detention. LGBTQ people We work towards ensuring better protection of the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) people in prison and the criminal justice system more widely. Life imprisonment We advocate that no one should be imprisoned for life without the possibility of one day at least being considered for release. Natural disasters We promote the protection of human rights of individuals in detention when facing natural disasters through preparation guidence. Older persons We seek to address sentencing, detention and imprisonment in criminal justice systems to better consider the needs of older persons. People with disabilities We uphold human rights standards protecting people with disabilities when they are confronted with criminal justice systems. Poor and socially excluded populations We demonstrate the ineffectiveness of laws criminalising behaviours associated with the poorest or disadvantaged members of our society. Pre-trial justice Pre-trial detention is often unnecessary and can prejudice a fair trial. We campaign against its excessive use and promote alternative measures. Prison conditions We advocate for humane prison conditions as a prerequisite of fair criminal justice systems. Rehabilitation and reintegration We promote rehabilitation as the primary aim of all criminal justice systems. Solitary confinement We work to eliminate the use of solitary confinement by raising awareness of the effects of its overuse and developing guidelines on humane prison management. Technology and IT We aim to guide justice actors in mitigating the impacts of technology on the human rights of people in contact with criminal justice systems. Torture prevention Torture destroys a person's dignity, body and mind. We seek to establish and improve safeguards against torture and ill-treatment in detention. Violent extremism We work to ensure that people in prison for 'violent extremism' are treated humanely with appropriate rehabilitation programmes. Women We promote gender-sensitive criminal justice systems, including appropriate alternatives to imprisonment for women and detention conditions. Working conditions of staff Prison staff are key actors effective and human rights-based justice systems. Often they face challenges, including harsh working conditions.