The Kyoto Declaration, adopted at the 14th UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice in March 2021, places a strong emphasis on protecting the rights of women within the criminal justice system (OP35, OP43), including with provisions on detention conditions and on measures to address overcrowding in detention facilities with the use of alternatives to detention and custodial sentences (OP36).
Worldwide, over a third of incarcerated women are in prison for drug offences. This proportion rises to 50 and even 80% in several Latin American and Asian countries. Although more men are incarcerated for drug offences globally, available research in those two regions show the differentiated and disproportionate impacts of drug control on women. Addressing the over-incarceration of women worldwide therefore requires urgent reforms of drug policies (OP85), in line with the UN System Common Positions on incarceration and on drug-related matters and the 2016 UNGASS Outcome Document.
This side event explored the gendered impacts of drug control and the carceral system on women’s human rights, and offered some key recommendations for the way forward.
H.E. Luis Javier Campuzano Piña, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Mexico to the International Organizations in Vienna