Resources listing


Event: Global Prison Trends 2022

Global Prison Trends is Penal Reform International’s annual flagship report, published with the Thailand Institute of Justice, identifying the key trends and challenges in prison systems worldwide. Two years into the COVID-19 pandemic, despite repeated calls to reduce prison populations since the onset of the crisis, the global prison population has reached an all-time high. Global […]

Languages: Arabic, English


Good governance for prisons during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic

This guide is based on research into the COVID-19 justice response around the world, including a particular focus on the responses in Kenya and Kazakhstan. The analysis examines the elements of justice system governance which enabled the sector to react quickly and effectively to the COVID-19 pandemic in prisons as well as the factors which inhibited timely, relevant responses. The guide aims to inform better governance in any future crisis situations, as well as the direction of penal reform more broadly.

Languages: English


The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on non-custodial sanctions and measures: Summary report of a comparative study in Member States of the European Union

In order to reduce prison populations to manage the spread of COVID-19, many states turned to the use of non-custodial sanctions and measures and the adoption of early or emergency release schemes. While the impact of the pandemic on prisons has been well documented, it is less clear how COVID-19 and the different measures governments […]

Languages: English, French

Model for Reform

10-point plan: crisis-ready non-custodial sanctions and measures

Probation agencies and others supporting the use and implementation of non-custodial sanctions and measures have been significantly impacted by the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and measures adopted by criminal justice systems and governments in combatting the spread of the virus in prisons and communities at large. While the focus has often been on mitigating the extreme […]

Languages: English, French, Russian, Spanish


Country reports on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on non-custodial sanctions and measures

In-depth country reports on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the use, implementation and experience of non-custodial sanctions and measures in Georgia, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan and Portugal, including preparations for release from prison and experiences of staff and those under probation supervision. These reports were published with the financial support of the International Penal and Penitentiary […]

Languages: Kyrgyz, Hungarian, English, Georgian, Portuguese, Russian


COVID-19 vaccinations for prison populations and staff: Report on global scan

This report examines policies and practices related to COVID-19 vaccination in prisons across 177 countries, analysing how people detained and working in prisons are included in vaccination plans and roll-out. It highlights a critical lack of data collection and transparency on this aspect of the COVID-19 response and finds that most countries failed to adequately plan for vaccination in prisons, which has led to piecemeal and often insufficient implementation.

Languages: English

Annual Report

Annual Report 2020

PRI’s Annual Report outlines the impact of our work and achievements in 2020 nationally, regionally and internationally. Highlights in 2020 included: Publication of the Global Prison Trends Report 2020, in partnership with the Thailand Institute of Justice (our annual flagship publication); When the COVID-19 pandemic hit, PRI respond swiftly, releasing analysis and recommendations on the effects of the […]

Languages: English


Event: COVID-19 vaccinations for prison populations and staff: Launch of global scan

Despite calls for governments to prioritise people detained and working in prisons as at-risk groups in national vaccination plans, their inclusion has often been contentious and little information is available on vaccine roll-out in prisons. To fill this gap, Penal Reform International and Harm Reduction International conducted the first ever in-depth review of policies and practices […]

Languages: English


Event: Natural hazards and prisons: Protecting human rights in disaster prevention, response and recovery

People in prison are among the most vulnerable to suffering from the negative effects of natural hazards. Despite international and national momentum to enhance disaster risk reduction (DRR), its application in prison systems is often not a primary concern. In recent years, people detained and working in prisons have been injured – sometimes fatally – […]

Languages: English, Spanish


Prisons and COVID-19: Lessons from an ongoing crisis

This briefing identifies several lessons from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, drawing on four case studies that focus on the response to the pandemic in Colombia, Indonesia, Ireland, and Kenya.

Languages: English