For a selection of recommended international resources on alternatives to imprisonment, see below.
ICPR (Roy Walmsley), World Prison Population List, 11th edition, 2016
UNODC, Handbook on strategies to reduce overcrowding in prisons, Criminal Justice Handbook Series, 2013
International Centre for Prison Studies/Roy Walmsley, World Prison Brief, 10th edition, 2013
UNODC, Handbook of basic principles and promising practices on alternatives to imprisonment, 2007
UNODC, Handbook on restorative justice programmes, 2006
UNODC, Custodial and non-custodial measures: social reintegration, Criminal Justice Assessment Toolkit, 2006
UNODC, Custodial and non-custodial measures: alternatives to incarceration, Criminal Justice Assessment Toolkit, 2006
Open Society Foundations/UNDP, The socioeconomic impact of pre-trial detention: a Global Campaign for Pretrial Justice report, 2011
Lappi-Seppala Tapio, Global trends and local exceptions: explaining differences in the use of imprisonment, Version 6.4, 2009
To browse PRI resources on alternatives, please click here.
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