All prisoners are vulnerable to abuse from both prison staff and other prisoners. But prejudice and discrimination make some groups particularly vulnerable, and tend to become exacerbated in closed environments such as prisons.
Women, children, people from ethnic, religious and racial minorities, people with disabilities, foreign nationals, LGBT people, older prisoners, prisoners living with HIV/ AIDS or prisoners on death row are all groups of detainees with specific needs and are at risk of discrimination. Failing to meet these needs may amount to torture or ill-treatment.
Monitoring bodies should thoroughly examine the detention conditions and treatment of prisoners with specific needs.
Read more about monitoring in places where children are deprived of their liberty.
Our Detention Monitoring Tool includes thematic papers which cover systemic factors that should be considered by monitoring bodies in their efforts to prevent torture. These include monitoring the treatment of particular groups, including women and sexual minorities.